The Long Name is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus,
which is a type of Staphylococcus aureus (Golden Staph) that is
resistant to methicillin and other related antibiotics of the
penicillin class, is commonly found on the skin and/or in the noses
of healthy people.
Penicillin revolutionised the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus in the
1940's, however the ability of the Golden Staph to negate
Penicillin's efficiency led to most strains of Staphylococcus
aureus becoming resistant by
A new type of penicillin antibiotic called
was developed early in 1960 and proved effective, then
newer and more
effective drugs were developed such as flucloxacillin.
Staphylococcus aureus developed
a resistance toflucloxacillin and Methicillin,
becoming known as “methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus”
There are other antibiotics which can be used to
treat these infections, but these are not generally available in
tablet form, and must be administered by drip or injection.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is usually harmless until it gets into the body through an
wound. It can cause havoc in a Hospital burns ward where wounds are
open to the air for therapeutic reasons.
Similar to “Golden
Staph”, the resistant strain can “colonise” on the skin or inside the nose
patient who then becomes a virtual “reservoir”.
staff are regularly checked by having a nose swab taken, and if found
to be positive, they get a few days off to eradicate it.
the home enviroment it can be so easily wiped out by observing due
diligence to cleanliness. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus can exist on inanimate objects, so
before entering or leaving a hospital ward, it is imperative that
hands are cleaned by using the supplied cleanser.
Wards have a much stricter regime, requiring disposable
and gloves to be worn.