When first confronted with a burns victim, the prime consideration,
after removing him/her from the danger area, should be the immediate
cooling of the burns(Never Use Cold Water), even before attempting to
determine the Depth or Extent of
or 1st Degree Burns
Burn first aid involves cooling
the outermost layer of the skin (Epidermis). this layer keeps all the
body fluids in, and keeps bacteria outside the body from entering. In
a superficial burn the epidermis has not been injured very badly,and
is considered a minor burn unless sensitive areas such as the face,
groin, buttocks, or the hands and feet are affected.
get the patient away from the source of heat.
cool water over the burn or place a cool compress over it this
cools the burn, prevents swelling, and helps to relieve pain.
Thickness or Second degree burns
Penetrates down into
the dermis.. A layer of fluid
collects between the epidermis and the
dermis, which causes blistering. 2nd degree burns show swelling and
are extremely painful.
the patient from the source of the burn.
water over the burn or place moist towels over the burn to reduce
the swelling and cool the burn. If the burn is larger than a handspan
treat it as a major burn, especially if it's on the face, hands, feet,
buttocks, groin or major joint. Large second degree burns should be
treated like an emergency. Dial Emergency and get medical help
Thickness or 3rd Degree Burns
Usually painless because
the nerve endings have been burned away and the difficulty is in
knowing just how severe the burns might be. The burn will have
penetrated right down to the fatty layer, and perhaps even deeper, to
the muscle layers and even to the bone.The burn first aid should
the patient away from the source of the burn
soon as possible gently run cool water over the burns for at least
the Emergency Number for your location
victim should be lying down with feet elevated above the heart to
prevent the symptoms of shock.
moist towels should be placed over the burns.
NOT try to remove clothing that is stuck to a burned area.
Emergency Services arrive keep out of the way.
Before you are faced with a Burns Accident, you really need to check
out your First Aid Kit
to make sure that any perishable items are still inside the Use-By Date