Keloid ScarringKeloid scars
are a more serious form of burns scarring, because they can
growing indefinitely into a large, tumorous (although benign)
Hypertrophic scars are often distinguished from keloids
by their lack of growth outside the original wound area.
Keloids can occur on anyone, but they are most common in
people, and can be caused by surgery, an accident, by acne or,
sometimes, from body piercings. Although they can be a cosmetic
problem, keloids are only inert masses of collagen and therefore
completely harmless and non-cancerous, but they can be itchy or
painful in some individuals, tending to be most common on the
shoulders and chest.
One way that keloids are treated is through steroids. In
this case, doctors will inject steroid drugs into the skin around the
keloid. Keloid treatment using steroids requires the patient to
visit a doctor multiple times for the injections. Although steroids
have been successful, it should be noted that patients with darker skin
can suffer from tissue atrophy or hypopigmentation, the loss of skin
Patients who choose to treat their scars through steroids are
often given shots of the steroid hydrocortizone every two to three
Excision is also a viable alternative method of keloid treatment. An
excision requires the surgical removal of all the scar tissue.
Excisions are not always successful, and in some cases the keloid
reoccurs after the tissue has been removed and begins to heal again.
Treating keloids can be very frustrating for patients.
Treatments are still being researched, and there are no
definitive cure-alls currently available for those battling the scars.
Dermatologists and plastic surgeons are still exploring ways to both
prevent and treat keloids. One of the newest advancements in
keloid therapy is the use of lasers to decrease the size of the keloid
and improve the color of scar.